VILLAVERDE

THE VILLAGE The present name of Villaverde (Green villa) derives from the chromatic hues that dominate the territory and that are due to the woods. Its original name was Bannari Usellus and was substituted with the new one only in 1952. The original name probably referred to the fact that, in ancient times, in this area there were bathing establishments used by the Romans who lived in Usellus, the Roman colony.

TERRITORY The territory of Villaverde is covered with a luxuriant vegetal carpet. Its highest part is around the rises Punta Laccu Sa Vitella (639 m a.s.l.) and Serra Arenas (641m. a.s.l.). Amongst the rounded rises that look at the flat of Oristano there are many valleys where many watercourses run (they give birth to Pauli Zeppara torrent). The landscape seems to become degraded towards Pranu Santa Lucia where there is the peak Cuccuru Aspru. In the widest zone, along the small valleys, there is a thick cultivation made of vineyards, fruit-trees, olive-trees.
Throughout the territory there are also many springs amongst which we must remember Mitza Mraxiani and Mitza San Mauro that were very important in the past too, as it is testified by wells and fonts finds that date back from Nuragic age.

ARCHAEOLOGY The numerous archaeological finds testify human settlements in very ancient past times. There are many nuraghi among which Nuraxi Mannu, Santu Mauru, Bruncu s’Enna, Roaris, Trutturis, Is cortilas, Punta de su Giganti, Crabus e Bruncu Ladu.
In the plateau there are also finds of a sacred well that delimitate the walls of Mitza su Putzu. Many lithic objects have been found too. The nuragic village Brunku ‘e S’omu is quite important and it is located within the Mitza Margiani wood. In recent times this village has been excavated and twelve rooms have been found. The whole archaeological area Brunku’e S’Omu has many naturalistic and archaeological routes that have given the territory its deserved importance. There are also traces that date back from the Roma age and this is probably due to the presence of Usellus.

HISTORY During the Middle Ages Bannari belonged to the Curatoria of usellus and to the diocese of Ales afterwards. As many villages in this area, Villaverde, during the Aragon colonisation, belonged to the Quirra county and then to the marquisate of Centelles and Osorios.

ARCHITECTURE AND ART The parish of Villaverde is dedicated to Vergine Assunta. This dedication was written in a document that dates back from 1341. The present set of the church was built in the second half of XX century. The church has a single central nave and two small lateral naves. Among the precious objects that are stored in this church we must remember a marvellous chiselled calyx that dates back from XV-XVI century, a wood statue of San Mauro (XVII cent.) and a bell on which there is an inscription with the year of making, 1722.

CITY CENTRE Also in Villaverde many action for the restoration of the city centre have been taken and many country houses show again their original architectural shapes.

TYPICAL PRODUCTS Wheat, wine and olive oil are the three symbols of Villaverde. As a matter of facts in this territory these products have found right climate conditions. In Villaverde there is a very good business that produces extra virgin olive oil and have a mark called “Verde Oliva” that guarantees its high quality. The oil is obtained only from olive trees of the territory where many different types of olives are cultivated.

GASTRONOMY The ground genuine products such as wheat, are the base of Villaverde’s gastronomic tradition. The homemade bread, pasta, legumes and vegetables are the typical products together with roasts of lamb, kid and piglet. In Villaverde there also is a production of vegetables pickled in oil. Sweets made of almond paste complete the gastronomic depiction.

CELEBRATIONS AND FAIRS On the 2nd of June there is the celebration in honour of Gesù Buon Pastore whereas the Sunday after 15th of August is Beata Vergine Assunta’s day. In September there is a whole civil celebration called “Su Croxiu” (the peel) that consists of cultural and solidarity shows. On the 22nd of September there is S. Mauro’s celebration.

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