SIRIS

THE VILLAGE The plateau of Siris is without any doubt smaller and less famous than the one of gesture but nonetheless it has the same structure and shape. Siris is connected with the other villages of the territory of the Park of Monte Arci also because of its legendary and peculiar aspect linked to its natural configuration. As a matter of facts in this area the natural piles of stones and rocks have always waken the magical- religious feelings and fantasy up. We refer to a legend that deals with stories of petrifaction that have many different versions spread all over Monte Arci. According to the Siris version there is a basalt stone with a big central hole called now “sa pedra sparrada” that old people called “Su procu de Luxia Arrabiosa” (furious Lucia’s pig) in accordance to a legend that speaks about a woman (Lucia) that was literally petrified owing to her own stinginess.

TERRITORY The part of Monte Arci that is occupied by Siris territory reaches up the cliffs called Su Colombariu and it consists of rocks with a particular morphology made of vertically walls and caves. Among the latter we must remember the cave called Riu Bingias that is very fascinating and the homonymous spring from which gushes out curative waters. It is noteworthy the leech-wood mixed with downy oaks and cork oaks. Furthermore it is very beautiful the Mediterranean shrub made of dwarf mirth, mock privet, white rock rose, and strawberry tree.

ARCHAEOLOGY The nuragic archaeological traces in this territory are many and very important. We must remember the density of nuraghi per square kilometre: almost one every kilometre. One of the most magnificent nuraghi all Monte Arci is called Inus and it is located at 440 metres in altitude as if it wanted to dominate the area. It is surrounded by a dominant wall and by some huts that testify the existence of an annexed village. The human settlement during the Nuragic age is also testified by other nuraghi spread out over the territory: Pranu Forru, Su Sensu and Porcilis. Nearby the latter, there are traces not only of the obsidian workshops but also of Roman origin such as funeral stones, ceramics and coins. These finds are the most concrete traces of human settlements in this area.

HISTORY After the pre-historical age and successively the Roman one, Siris belonged, in the Middle Ages to the “Giudicato of Arborea” under the administration of “Curatoria della Marmilla”. Then it became part of the diocese of Ales whereas politically the village belonged to the Signoria of the Quirra marquisate first, then to the Centelles and the Osorios. From 1928 until 1962 Siris depended on Masullas.

ARCHITECTURE AND ART From an artistic point of view the small church dedicated to S. Vincenzo martyr is quite interesting. It was built between Thirteenth and Fifteenth centuries and when it was recently restored many Roman finds were found. On the contrary the parish, which is dedicated to S. Sebastiano, was built in recent times and exactly in 1958. Its ground plan is that of a Latin Cross that is formed by the clutch of two small lateral chapels while its presbytery is quadrangular in shape. In the interior there are many historically important elements such as the two wooden statues that date back from Seventeenth century and that are dedicated to S. Vincenzo and S. Antonio da Padova. Furthermore there are stored several argents some of which date back to the Sixteenth century.

CITY CENTRE Amongst the particularities of the city centre of Siris it is worth noting the town hall building: it is a Neoclassical building built within a green field.

TYPICAL PRODUCTS The main activities of this small village of the park of Monte Arci deal with farming and sheep farming. These activities are connected with the typical products such as cereals, legumes and meats and are all obtained from local resources coming from uncontaminated areas.

GASTRONOMY The gastronomic tradition of Siris is quite similar to those of the other villages that belong to the Park of Monte Arci. It is based on meals that are prepared with local ingredients: we refer to homemade bread and pasta. Among pasta dishes we must remember the “malloreddus” and the “fregua” (a kind of Sardinian couscous) that are generally served with tomato sauce. Other meals consist of legumes, vegetables, roast lamb, piglet and kid.

CELEBRATIONS AND FAIRS Amongst the celebrations of Siris we must remember that of S. Sebastian that occurs on the 19th and the 20th of January. Nevertheless the most important celebration is on S. Vincenzo martyr day, on the 1st of September that consists of civil and religious celebrations.

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