MASULLAS

THE VILLAGE Masullas is situated at 129 m. a.s.l. and it looks as a typical plain village even though in its territory there are many beautiful zones that belong to the Monte Arci district. These zones are called Conca Cannas and Su Columbariu and they are in the south part of Monte Arci. As concerns the etymology Masullas seems to derive from Latin mansio by analogy to another village (Elmas) called Su Masu which means “stop place” underlining therefore its mean of communication function.

TERRITORY In the territory of Masullas the obsidian is the most important element too. In the area called Conca Cannas , among rocky spikes and shrubbery there is one of the biggest deposit of obsidian of all Monte Arci where the black volcanic rock alternates with other volcanic rocks. In the Masullas area there are many fresh springs among which we must remember those called Sonnixeddu and Fixibi.

ARCHAEOLOGY Masullas dates back from prehistoric age as it is testified by the presence of many obsidian workshops such as Conca Cannas one of the Monte Arci’s biggest deposits. Also in this village it is evident the continual succession of different cultures during the past from the pre-nuragic one till the Roman age. The Nuragic traces are the nuraghi Su Para, Preidis, Monti Miani, Murranca, Onigu and Santu Stevini. The Roman traces are located in the areas called Arruinas and Santu Stevini, by the homonymous nuraghe and furthermore in the areas of Santa Maria and Fraus. Other significant ruins are present in Tamis where in the past there was a village which was destroyed at the beginning of XVI century. In that zone there are also the ruins of a monastery consecrated to S. Michele.

HISTORY During the medieval age Masullas, that was called Masulla, belonged to the Giudicato d’Arborea in the Curatoria di Parte Montis. As regards the religious partition it belonged to the diocese of Ales. The ecclesiastical presence in this village has been particularly significant during the medieval age as it is testified by the monastery that was built in the XVI century. Furthermore there are many religious buildings that were built since the Romanesque age and that confirm the religious importance of Masullas. After the Aragon and Spanish domination in 1603 Masullas became part of the feud owned by the Centelles family and subsequently to the Osorio family.

ARCHITECTURE AND ART The parish that is now consecrated to S. Sebastiano in the past was dedicated to Madonna delle grazie (called Sa Gloriosa). It was built in the XVII century in Late Gothic style even though the façade shows significant style contaminations: it was rebuilt in baroque style in the XVII century. On the church left side there is a squared bell tower and in the inside there is a single nave with six lateral chapels. The church is embellished with an icon painted by Mattia Canopia and a canvas in which the Madonna del Suffragio is depicted that was made by Giovanni Battistaa Sitzia. Not far from the parish there is Santa Lucia’s country church with a single nave and wood roof. This small church shows some medieval architectonic elements. In Masullas there is also another beautiful small church consecrated to S. Leonardo that was built in Romanesque style. It has a bell gable and truss roof and it was built by workforces from Tuscany. In the upper part of the village there is S. Francesco church that was built annexed to the majestic monastery: they both date back from the XVII century. The church has a central nave with barrel vault and two chapels whereas in the monastery there are many rooms: cells, dormitories, kitchens ect.

CITY CENTRE Masullas is the village where the Spanish domination has left the most significant signs as it can be seen not only by ecclesiastical buildings but also by the private ones. As a matter of fact the portals of the ancient houses that were built in stone testify the Spanish presence.

TYPICAL PRODUCTS The sweet things made up of almond paste are undoubtedly the most important manufacture of Masullas. Their excellent taste is due to both the naturalness and of the ingredients and the ability in mixing them. Amongst them we must mention: amarettus, gueffus, padruas, biancheddus and zippuasa.

GASTRONOMYThe gastronomic tradition of Masullas consists of a variety of homemade pasta courses (malloreddus, marraconis, fregua) as it is all over the area of Monte Arci. Furthermore we must remember the homemade bread and some vegetables and legumes courses. Amongst the meat courses we have roast lamb and piglet as well as game and chicken. The most particular recipe for the latter is the stuffed chicken. (sa pudda prena). Finally there are the desserts amarettus, gueffus, padruas, biancheddus and zippuasa.

CELEBRATIONS AND FAIRS The traditional celebrations start the 16th and 17th of January on the occasion of S. Antonio’s day when a bonfire is lit. The 19th and 20th of January is S. Sebastiano. On June 13th there is the celebration of S. Antonio da Padova whereas the 2nd of July is The Beata Vergine Gloriosa’s day. The 4th of October is the celebration of S. Francesco d’Assisi, patron of Italy, to whom Masullas has dedicated a church with an annexed monastery that date back to XVII century. The 6th of November is S. Leonardo’s day and on that occasion there is also the traditional pomegranate fair.On the 12th of December there are the religious and civil celebrations of S. Lucia.

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