MARRUBIU

THE VILLAGE Originally, the village of Marrubiu was located in another place, an ancient village called Zuradili, not far from its present position where the inhabitants moved to.
Its toponym probably derives from a perennial plant that grows all over Sardinia and particularly in this area, the Marrubium alysson. This weed belongs to the Labiatae family, it grows in bushes and it is endowed with large leaves whose stink keeps insects away. It has a bitter taste that nevertheless has medical proprieties.
Other fantastic explanations of the origin of this village’s name have to do with meaning “Red Sea” (Mari Rubiu in Sardinian) that contrasts to Terralba, “White Land”. Santa Anna hamlet belongs to Marrubiu.

TERRITORY Marrubiu is situated at 7 metres a.s.l and it is between Campiado and Monte Arci. Part of its territory belongs to that part of Campidano flat land that in the last century was interested by land reclamation works. Another part instead belongs to Monte Arci: obsidian deposits, Mediterranean shrub that consists of mastic trees and white rockroses, leeches, hollies and cork oaks are among the characteristic elements of this area.
There are also many watercourses such as Rio Murus and some springs among which Funtana Figu, Quasodi and Murus.

ARCHEOLOGY The whole area of Monte Arci is considered the cradle of Neolithic technology and, since Marrubiu belongs to this area, in its territory it is possible to find many obsidian deposits above all in the areas called Tziponeas, Su Seddarxiu, Roia Tressa, Frontu Tzuarbara, Roia de Murus, Sa Conca de Su Cabi, Roia s’ottigu, Ceddas e Corongiu Sitzona.
There is a trace of an ancient nuraghe (now completely destroyed) in the area where the present Parish stands and furthermore there are the two nuraghi of Ruinas and Masongiu Orcu.
The Roman age has left many traces all over Marrubiu’s territory. The most important finds were in the areas Ruinas, Bacchiana and above all in Muru de Bangius. The latter is considered the most important archaeological site from Roman age, thanks to the presence of a pretorium, the official house of important military roles such as governors.
This pretorium was the official house of the governor of Sardinia and Corsica, who wanted his house to be located in the main road that from Karales (Cagliari) led to Turris Libisonis (Porto Torres) by stopping at Marrubiu and Forum Traiani (Fordongianus).
An inscription on a marble plate testifies the presence of a building in whose ruins is possible to trace the canonical architectonic structures of Roman thermal baths. The very toponym Murus de Bangius (from Latin balneum) is connected with this inscription.

HISTORY During the Middle Ages, Marrubiu belonged to Giudicato d’Arborea (district governed by a judge) in the administration district of Curatoria di Bonorzuli. During the Aragon age Marrubiu became a feud that was controlled by the Spanish.
Vittorio Angius in the famous “Dizionario storico-statistico” del Casalis, wrote about some brigandage episodes that happened in the area between Marrubiu and Santa Giusta in Nineteenth century.

ARCHITECTURE AND ART The Parish is dedicated to the Madonna del Rimedio or Beata Vergine di Monserrato and is situated in the city centre of Marrubiu. It was built in 1710 and then successively restored. In the inside there are some wood statues that date back from Seventeenth century and that are historically and culturally important: according to traditional tales they were found in Monte Arci.
On the Monte Arci slope, 7 kilometres away from the village there is the country church dedicated to Santa Maria di Zuarbara or di Zuradili. Zuradili was the ancient medieval villa whence Marrubiu took its origin after its inhabitants moved there.

TYPICAL PRODUCTS Thanks to the quality of the soil in Marrubiu there is a very good vine production: Nuragus, Monica and Bovale sarda give a very precious and scented wine. These wines are either homemade or sold by cooperative winegrowers’ association.
Nevertheless wine is not the only typical product of Marrubiu: we must remember cheese, sweets, bread and homemade pasta, honey and cold meats (pork loin, hams, sausages and salami)
We must not forget the artistic craft specialized in wood, iron and gold productions that Marrubiu is rich in.

GASTRONOMY In Marrubiu as well as in other areas of Monte Arci gastronomy has been conditioned by sheep-rearing and agriculture. Its typical meals are simple dishes of vegetables, legumes, homemade bread and pasta, sausages etc.
We cannot forget the roasts of lamb, piglet and game. Baking is similar to that of the other villages of Monte Arci. A particular mention goes to the wines of Marrubiu that are obtained from different qualities of grapes such as Sardinian and Spanish bovale and red Sardinian Monica.

“SU MARRULLERI” Su Marrulleri is an important tourist celebration that occurs during Carnival. It is a modern visitation of the Carnival that consists of cheerful parades of costumes and allegorical floats. This celebration is one of the most important carnival events not only in the Monte Arci Park but in Oristano’s province and attracts many tourists from all over Sardinia. Many floats, groups and single original masks take part in this parade.The parades cross the whole village from Piazza Martiri, via Napoli, piazza Italia, via Oristano and Tirso up to the piazza in front of the Elementary School. Afterwards the typical Carnival sweets (zippuasa, kind of doughnuts) are served in the piazza together with beans and good local wine.

CELEBRATIONS AND FAIRS The first celebration is Carnival, in February with “Su Marulleri” (see above).
In May there is a country celebration in honour of S. Maria. This celebration occurs in Zuralidi. In S.Anna on 26th of July there are the celebrations of S. Anna. In September there is the fair of honey and on the 8th and 9th the patron, Madonna del Rimedio, is celebrated.
The 9th of November there is the last celebration of the year: the one in honour of S. Mariedda.

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